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(Past Articles)

Buxton History Helps Widow
Collect A Pension, 1908

Below is an interesting and insightful article unearthed
by our own local historian and board member, Bryan Prince.

The Columbus Journal, April 29, 1908, Nebraska

Although she lived fifty years with
her husband as a legal wife, Mrs. Mary
Jane Allen, of 15218 Pratt street, Omaha,
widow of Lieut. Robert I. Allen, has
been unable to secure a pension because
of the various state laws prohibiting
miscegenation. Mrs. Allen is a negro
and her husband was a white man. Senator
Brown has just succeeded in getting
a pension of $15 per month from
April, 1907, for Mrs. Allen, and he was
able to do this only because Mr. and Mrs.
Allen had at one time lived in North
Buxton, Ontario, Canada, where the law
had not made marriage between whites
and negroes illegal. After the pension
bureau had been shown that the Allens
had been domiciled in Canada, their
common law marriage thus valid, a 'relief
was speedily granted the needy
widow. Mrs. Allen lived for years in
Kearney, the home of Senator Brown,
and he knew them personally. They also
resided in Omaha and the widow has
resided in that city since the death of
her husband.


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